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Peter Kuthan / AZFA
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« on: January 26 2011 »

source: The Soul Beat Issue 168: Communicating for Reproductive Health
January 26, 2011

1. Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) - Swaziland
Launched in March 2009 by the Family Life Association of Swaziland (FLAS) and funded through The International HIV/AIDS Alliance, this initiative is designed to equip young people with knowledge and skills to allow them to determine and enjoy their sexuality in all spheres of life. Through teacher training and peer education, the programme is introducing sexuality education in schools and communities.

2. Biruh Tesfa (Bright Future) Project - Ethiopia
Initiated in 2006, Biruh Tesfa (meaning "Bright Future" in Amharic) is a programme for adolescent girls in the urban slum areas of Ethiopia. The programme is designed to assist out-of-school girls, especially migrant adolescent girls who have relocated to urban areas, by creating safe spaces through which they can build support networks with other girls and build mentor relationships with supportive adults. The programme seeks to protect these girls by reducing their social isolation and providing them with health information, including HIV prevention information, and services to address sexual exploitation and abuse.

3. Kenya Girl Guides Association Peer Education - Kenya
Re-launched in 2007, the Kenya Girl Guides Association (KGGA) is implementing a peer education, lifeskills, and behaviour change programme for adolescents, with technical support provided by Family Health International, and under the auspices of the AIDS, Population, and Health Integrated Assistance Programme (APHIA II) in two regions of Kenya. The interactive life skills curriculum covers such topics as self-esteem and being a good friend; values and school performance; understanding feelings of attraction; communication skills for protection; and talking to helpful adults. Other topics are: understanding HIV transmission and prevention; reducing stigma and discrimination; preventing rape; and refusing drugs and alcohol.

4. Early Sexual Debut, Sexual Violence, and Sexual Risk-Taking among Pregnant Adolescents and Their Peers in Jamaica and Uganda
By Maxine Wedderburn, Jennifer Wagman, Cynthia Waszak Geary, Joy Noel Baumgartner, Heidi Toms Tucker, and Laura Johnson
>From the Youth Research Working Paper Series of Family Health International (FHI), this eighth Working Paper focuses on early sexual début and experiences of sexual coercion/violence as they are related to each other and to unintended adolescent pregnancy. It found that for many, first sex was coerced; thus, the timing of their sexual début was not a choice. Results showed that conscious use of contraception appeared to be the main difference between pregnant and never-pregnant girls in both countries.

5. Cońal Keele (Harvesting the Seeds of Life) - Senegal
Launched in November 2008, Cońal Keele is a serial radio drama produced by Population Media Center (PMC) designed to address adolescent reproductive health and early marriage in Senegal. Working in coordination with Réseau Africain de l'Education pour la Santé (RAES) based in Dakar, Senegal, and the University of California, Los Angeles, School of Public Health in the United States, the 58-episode radio drama is part of a 3-year project by PMC with funding from United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). The 2 main story lines address early marriage and adolescent reproductive health.

6. Responding to What Young People Really Want to Know: Developing Question-Answer Booklets on Sexuality, HIV and AIDS with Young People
By Regina Görgen, Akwilina Mlay, Babette Pfander, and Siegrid Tautz
This report, published by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) in 2007, presents an experience of developing a set of question and answer sex education booklets designed to meet the needs of young people. The report outlines the approach taken by the project organisers in developing the materials and includes a number of steps that, according to the report, make the approach easily adaptable to different socio-cultural settings.

7. It's All One Curriculum: Guidelines and Activities for a Unified Approach to Sexuality, Gender, HIV, and Human Rights Education
By Nicole Haberland and Deborah Rogow
This resource, published by the Population Council in 2009, is meant to help readers develop sexuality and HIV education curricula with an emphasis on gender and rights, and enable educators to teach young people about topics such as: gender norms; communication and decision making; sexual consent and coercion; fairness and human rights (including sexual rights); power and relationships; preventing HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and unintended pregnancy; puberty; and social change.

8. Impact Data - Youth Radio for Better Adolescent Reproductive Health - Uganda
Kisoro is a small and remote district in far south-west Uganda. Until the Straight Talk Foundation (STF) began broadcasting its youth radio show "Tuvuge Rwatu" in the local language, Lufumbira, in July 2007, Kisoro's young people were largely isolated from STF's "conversation" on growing up and staying safe; they reportedly also had low levels of knowledge on HIV and reproductive health and also held attitudes about condoms and gender which put them at risk. The 2-year project incorporated a local language youth radio show with complementary information, education, and communication (IEC) materials and face-to-face activities - a package of interventions meant to facilitate sustained and informed conversations amongst adolescents and the adults.

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